What is Sexting?

PUBLISHED ON 30/3/2013 ON HITZ247

What is sexting?

The word is a mix of ‘sex’ and ‘texting’. ‘Sexting’ is sending ‘sexy’ texts that can be sent as words or images. It is the act of “creating, sharing or posting of sexually explicit messages or images via the Internet, mobile phones or other electronic devices by people, especially young people” (Parliament of Victoria, 2012).

Sexting with pictures has probably been around as long as mobile phones have had the ability to take photos and send and receive images.

How prevalent is sexting?

It is most prevalent with Australian youth, with over 20% of teenagers having participated in sexting (AASA, 2012).

Figures released by the Office of the Victorian Privacy Commissioner’s Youth Advisory Group (YAG) in November last year of young people and their experience of sexting, found that 68.11% of participants do know someone who has taken or sent a nude or semi-clothed photo of themselves or someone else in their swimwear.

Member of the Victorian Privacy Commissioner’s Youth Advisory Group, Hugh Stevens has said that: “Youths are now using technology to communicate and be closer than ever before. Sexting is a phenomenon where this communication has significant negative consequences, often beyond the thoughts of the young people involved (Privacy Victoria, 2011, pg 1).

Why do young people do it?

In 2010 a survey by the Girlfriend magazine found that four in ten respondents had previously been asked to forward a nude photo of themselves. A US survey conducted by The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy found that 51% of teen girls sent sexy messages or images due to pressure from a guy. A majority of teen girls and boys (66% and 60% respectively) also claimed they sent sexually suggestive content to be ‘fun or flirtatious’.

Consequences of sexting

Legal:

Current leglisation identifies those involved in sexting as participating in child pornography and they can be charged and placed on the Sex Offenders Register. Commonwealth Law, part 10.6 of the Criminal Code Act 1995, identifies it as an offence to “access, transmit, publish, possess, control, supply, or obtain child pornography” (Find Law Australia, par 2). Unfortunately, young people don’t think of sexting as a crime and fail to realise the gravity of the situation.

The Youth Advisory Group’s survey asked young people if they believe sexting should be illegal by people under the age of 18; research suggested that 58.75% of the participants believed that the sending or forwarding of such photos of people under 18 should be against law. sexting

These acts or incidents of sexting are regulated by criminal law, not privacy law. A child aged 10 -14 can only be found guilty of a crime if the child knew that their actions (or inactions) were seriously wrong and not just naughty. Those over the age of 14 are considered, old enough to be charged with a criminal offence.

The Australian Federal Police have set-up a website to try and educate both children and parents about sexting;www.thinkyouknow.org.au.

Social Ramifications:

Sexting can initiate bullying; especially cyber-bullying. The way the picture is passed around is often the catalyst that starts the bullying. Sexting can ruin a person’s reputation or self-esteem, resulting in feelings of depression, embarrassment or isolation. Young people are often unaware of the social ramifications because of their age and maturity, and don’t understand what they are participating in.

Everything you send can become public

People find it extremely easy to forward a photo or message. They can show the images to other people via social media, online portals or portable devices. It can be shared around on many different communication devices. Something you once sent for that someone can be shared with everyone. Once you have sent it you can’t get it back. It can affect your future; when you try to get a job or start a new relationship with someone, and consume your thoughts. The person who you are sending the text or picture to may not want that type of communication with you, they may find it abusive.

If you have been involved in acts of sexting, or know someone who has, there is always help available

There is always someone there to help you. Don’t feel as if you are alone – there are always people who can help.

Go to people who are older and more mature for help, or someone you trust. Try contacting an organisation or talking to the school counsellor. If you don’t want to contact anyone face-to-face, try the Kids Helpline. They are available 24/7 to help and listen to you – they don’t judge or criticise you. “We care and we listen, any time and for any reason” – Kids Helpline (1800 55 1800)

REFERENCES:

ASSA (2012), Sexting, Retrieved 19th March, 2013 http://www.aasa.org/content/aspx?id=3390.

Findlaw Australia, Sexting and the Law in Australia, Retrived 21st March, 2013,http://www.findlaw.com.au/articles/4240/sexting-and-the-law-in-australia-aspx

Michael; K, Goodings; W & Everaardt; T (2010) The Social Implications of Sexting and the Australian Privacy Foundation’s Stance on the Government’s Preliminary Proposal to Filter the Mobile Internet” Retrieved 19th March 2013, http://works.bepress.com/kmichael/183/

Parliament of Victoria (2011) Inquiry into sexting , Retrived 22nd of March 2013,http://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/lawreform/article/947

Privacy Victoria (2011) Call for young people to have their say on sexting, Retrieved 20th March 2013,http://www.privacy.vic.gove.au/privacy/web2.nsf/files/call-for-young-victorians-to-have-their-say-on-sexting

Sex and tech: results from a survey of teens and young adults / The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/sextech/PDF/SexTech_Summary.pdft

Bill Gates Will Give You $100,000 To Create a Better Condom

PUBLISHED ON 29/3/13 ON HITZ247

Condoms are globally recognized and used by an estimated 750 million people worldwide. Their main use is to reduce and prevent both unwanted pregnancies and the spread of sexually-transmitted infections. As time passes by, they are one of the few things that haven’t changed much in the past 50 years. It is time for something new perhaps? sexual-helth-week-condoms

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation says “YES”. They are offering inventors everywhere a chance to design the “next generation of condoms”. The foundation is offering $100,000 start-up grant to make the design concept a reality. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is looking for “a Next Generation Condom that significantly preserves or enhances pleasure, in order to improve uptake and regular use.”

The call-to-action states that condoms have been in existence for nearly 400 years, and yet have undergone relatively few improvements. The foundation’s aim is to pave the way for someone to introduce a more appealing condom in the hopes of promoting safe, more pleasurable sex. “The primary drawback from the male perspective is that condoms decrease pleasure as compared to no condom”, states the Foundation in the challenge description. So would a “next-generation condom” find some way to increase sensation as to promote men to wear them more often, purely in the name of global health?

Will a redesign encourage people to wear them? Won’t the same lazy excuses exist?

Female condoms, meanwhile “suffer from some of the same liabilities as male condoms, require proper insertion training and are substantially more expensive than their male counterparts,” says the Foundation. So perhaps a cheaper, simpler female condom design will also reduce and prevent both unwanted pregnancies and the spread of sexually-transmitted infections.

The challenge is part of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s “Grand Challenges Explorations,” an ongoing initiative to fund programs geared towards improving the life of the world’s citizens. In order to qualify for the challenge, proposals must have a testable hypothesis, include an associated plan for how the idea would be tested or validated and yield interpretable and unambiguous data,” state the Foundation’s entrant guidelines.

Now the question remains, do you think you could get a guy to wear one of these hypothetical next-generation condoms? How would you build a better condom?

Herald Sun / CityLink Run for the Kids 2013

PUBLISHED ON 28/03/2013 ON STUDENT VIEW

Annual Run for the Kids continuining to raise much needed funds for the Royal Children”s Hospital:

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On Sunday the 24th of March, 35,000 runners took to the streets of the Melbourne CBD for the annual Herald Sun/CityLink Run for the Kids 2013. After the event’s debut in 2006 it has contributed more than $8 million to the Royal Children’s Hospital in support of the Good Friday Appeal. It remains to be the biggest charity fundraising fun run in Victoria. The atmosphere was full of buzz and excitement.
If the event continues to run every year, the impact will be astonishing to the Royal Children’s Hospital. In 2011–12 the RCH treated 34,784 inpatients. There were 246,140 outpatient clinic appointments and 10,741 children underwent surgery. We had 73,602 children present at our emergency department and approximately 200 children received care in the community every day through RCH@Home. That is so many children, every small part can help. Imagine so many young children being treated yearly, health is something that is precious and valued.

The Royal Children’s Hospital is a vital part that helps so many children and their families each year. Each participant plays a part in benefitting those children at the Royal Children’s Hospital who aren’t able to run, walk or skip their way around the course. The money raised will fund projects, research and technological innovations to ensure that every child receives the very best treatment now and into the future.
There were two course options for participants to choose from;

–       15 km super course: which covers attractions such as the Domain Tunnel, Bolte Bridge, Arts Centre, Crown Casino and Docklands waterfront.
–       5.5 km family friendly course: enjoys the attractions of the Shrine of Remembrance and Royal Botanic Gardens.
The short course started at 8:10 am and the long course started at 8:50 am.

Participants raised an amazing $1.95 million yesterday until CityLink then added $50,000 taking the total to an astonishing $2 million.

Participants could either enter as a team or an individual.
There were two categories of teams:
–       Corporate: Teams with six or more runners representing a corporation, company or organisation where all runners are employees or members of the represented corporation, company or organisation.
–       Community: Teams with six or more runners representing a sporting or social club, school or non-profit organisation where all runners are associated with or members of the represented sporting or social club, school or non-profit organisation.
There was no maximum number of team participants that could be part of a team.
When entering as an individual, participants needed to select the distance and category they wished to enter, complete their entry details and answer the entrant questions.
Event T-shirts and singlets could also be bought so that participants could be represented in the sea of participants.

Tony Abbott was amongst the sea of participants yesterday, finishing the 15 km super course in 1 hour 32 minutes and 43 seconds. Even Australian political figures are getting involved in bettering the lives of young sick Australians.

The event partners included Herald Sun and CityLink, both aim to promote and raise awareness for the event. Since 1931 when the Good Friday Appeal began, employees got together with sport’s officials to run a sports carnival that raised money for the hospital, that was then struggling in the midst of the Great Depression.

Corporate sponsors of the event included Nike, Mazda, 7 News, Mix101.1 Radio, City of Melbourne and the Victorian Police. Nike offered participants free training sessions with Nike+ Run Club, holding sessions four times a week. The training sessions were held on a Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Saturdays starting on Wednesday 30th of January for an eight week program. The sessions covered different distances in each session to get participants ready for the race. There was no need for participants to register; they just needed to turn up on the day.

The top fundraiser for this year’s Run for the Kids was Katia Fowler raising, $7,775.00. Many people raised so much money, even a single dollar can help. If every person in Australia donated a single dollar, then they would be able to raise $22 million, an impact which will change the hospital’s ability in treating the sick children. A single dollar, which would not affect anyone that much, can potentially aim to save a child’s life.

By participating in either the run or donating money you can help so much. Every small effort will make a difference to these children’s life. So next friday in the Good Friday, everyone dig deep, let’s raise as much money as we can and help the patients who are young children and cannot help themselves! I’m sure you don’t need that extra coffee tomorrow morning on your way to work! 🙂

The Internship Process

Hi Guys,
So I came across this cartoon earlier, I thought it captured the student’s life of attempting to get an internship perfectly:

Titled: “The Waiting Game”

the-waiting-game-edit-copy

As the start of semester hits everyone is waiting to hear back from the numerous organisations that they have emailed, rung and facebooked hoping for the opportunity to get an internship.

Just a message to say, don’t give up!

You will find one, keep searching and thinking outside of the box 🙂

Oz The Great and Powerful : Review

PUBLISHED ON 28/03/13 ON STUDENT VIEW

Over the last few years it appears the people at Disney have been on a mission to rebuild classic films and tales so it was going to be eventually that they took on the challenge of L. Frank Baum’s beloved masterpiece The Wizard of Oz. They casted James Franco as the lead, Óscar Diggs, who in Disney’s adaptaion, Oz The Great and Powerful audiences are lead on a journey through the magical land of Oz to discover how the Wizard came to be in Oz.

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From the beginning Disney labeled ths film as a prequel to the classic tale that we all know and love, but once it begins it is clear that it’s simply a modern remake with a few twists and no Dorothy. Oscar “Oz” Diggs (James Franco) is a two-bit carnival magician who is at ease whether he’s on stage manipulating an audience or if he’s in his trailer manipulating a starry-eyed farm girl. When a twister comes barreling down on the carnival, Oscar hops in a hot air balloon, gets swept up in the cyclone, and awakens to find himself transported from black-and-white, Academy-ratio, 1905 Kansas to the bright, colorful, widescreen world of Oz

Starting off in black and white at a Kansas circus, Oscar (James Franco) is whisked away in a tornado to the land of Oz, eventually transitioning into colour. The wonderous graphics and 3-D effects emerse viewers in the magical world of Oz until Theodora (Mila Kunis) arrives before the Wizard’s own eyes. Raimi confidently gives the film a steady balance by having his characters ground the story so that the film doesn’t get carried away in Robert Stromberg‘s lush production design and Peter Deming‘s eye-popping cinematography.

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As the narrative progresses we discover that the witches Theodora, Evanora (Rachel Weisz) and Glinda (Michelle Williams) are not who they say they are, and it is Oscar’s job to find out the truth before it’s too late for him to claim his position as ruler of Oz and bask in his treasures. With the help of the locals, a little cunning behaviour and illusion Oscar must transform himself into the Great and Powerful Oz in order to save the land, and sets off on a journey accompanied by talking monkey Finley (Zach Braff) and a broken China doll (Joey King), the latter of which should’ve been replaced with a munchkin, which fulfills the traditional roles of the Lion, Tin Man and Scarecrow.

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This is where the PG rating should be taken into account as there are more than a few scares and jumps throughout the film, which could be as frightening to the little ones (especially in 3D), as Margaret Hamilton’s witch was for me watching the original for the first time.J ames Franco shines in his role as Oscar Diggs, putting on a performance of Franco standards and charming the pants off anybody who watches it. Although the onscreen chemistry with Michelle Williams fell short, both put on magical performances as their characters individually. As for the rest of the film, the graphics provide something enchanting to look at when scenes become slightly tiresome and repeatative. The storyline that Mitchell Kapner and David Lindsay-Abaire may not be as original as viewers had hoped, often mirroring that of the 1939 version, but will keep viewers interested for 130 minutes and allow them to see the yellow brick road and Emerald City as they’ve never been seen before.

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We wanted it back in 1939 with The Wizard of Oz and we want it today. Oz the Great and Powerful was extremely magical, and this reflected in the script. I myself am a huge fan of The Wizard of Oz and love the new magical adaptation full of wonder and mystery! I’d rate it 8.5/10!

Why are Women still a Minority in Positions of Leadership and Power?

PUBLISED ON 26/03/2013 ON THE MARSHALL TOWN

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Gender inequality in Australian workplaces, such as the imbalance between men and women in leadership roles, continues to contribute to outdated stereotypes of the role of women at home, work and in society.

Research has suggested having women in positions of leadership and power encourages other women to strive for similar opportunities. Some industries, such as building and construction, emergency response, armed forces and farming are considered “male-dominated” and women are underrepresented. The Commonwealth Office for Women has funded campaigns to help identity mechanisms for improving women’s representation in such industries.

Gender equality in Australian workplaces is an important issue facing young women approaching the job market, so why isn’t it being addressed in the 2013 Federal Election?

Typical gender squabbles playing out in suburban lounge rooms are also taking place inside Parliament House. The issues in the 2013 federal election of gender equality and the economy, environment and general political squabbles, have overshadowed the way Australia elected their first female Prime Minister, In the race for leadership in the 2013, the focus on ‘Tony Abbott’s problem with women’ has the power to overshadow matters of policy and principle. Similar to the 2010 federal election, attempts are being made to present Abbott in a misogynistic light.

Perhaps, rather than creating false truths, the focus should be on policy and procedure, the foundations Australian politics claim to be based on.

In a speech in 2010 at the National Press Club in Canberra, titled ‘Australia’s New Political Landscape’, Julia Gillard discusses the historical change in the Australian political landscape. Gillard argues the Labor government she leads has ‘introduced public election funding; women’s suffrage or giving young Australians the right to vote from the age of 18.’ The Gillard government announced that they were aiming to have a redistribution of gender in leadership positions. A goal was set for 40%  male, 40% female and 20% unallocated positions in the workplace, to be achieved by 2015.

In 2012, women made up 24.7% of the elected position in the House of Representatives and 38.2% in the Senate. Women accounted for over half of all academic staff in Australia, with 42% being senior lecturing staff and 27% being heads of units (positions higher then senior lecturers). Many believe gender bias is clouding the current election campaign and Gillard is seen as a feminist activist.

Where is the gender equality in the Australian parliament?

I believe that gender equality will allow for the appropriate individual to be elected based on their skills and experience, not purely on gender. There are a higher number of men in the workplace than women, is this being taken into account? Approximately 53% of women and 68% of men are employed, of women with children under the age of 15 approximately 57% are employed. Although in Australia many people are hired based on gender not their experience or merit.

Would a more welcoming environment cause more women to set their sights on jobs of power and leadership?

The current gender bias in society is that women are employed in roles where their productivity cannot be maximized. According to the report “Women’s employment in the context of the economic downturn,” conducted by The Australian Human Rights Commission in April 2009 research suggests that if the number of women in leadership positions increased the Australian economic activities could be improved by 20%. Although women are free to join many industries figures in the below table show startling results of the comparison between different industries and genders.

TABLE : Composition of employment by industry, gender and full-time/ part-time employment status, November 2008

Industry (ANZSIC 1993)

Male Full-time %

Male Part-time %

Female Full-time %

Female Part-time %

Total employees (‘000)

Agriculture forestry and fishing

61.0

9.0

15.2

14.8

374.3

Mining

82.1

0.8

15.0

2.1

180.3

Manufacturing

68.6

5.2

18.8

7.5

1,066.9

Electricity gas and water supply

74.7

2.9

18.2

4.3

108.1

Construction

80.7

7.6

5.7

6.0

993.8

Wholesale trade

62.1

5.4

21.7

10.7

442.8

Retail trade

32.7

14.5

19.9

32.9

1,544.9

Accommodation, cafes and restaurants

26.6

16.2

23.6

33.7

512.2

Transport and storage

64.9

9.4

17.2

8.5

530.4

Communication services

60.4

7.2

21.1

11.3

197.3

Finance and insurance

43.7

4.0

39.7

12.7

380.1

Property and business services

46.9

6.8

27.8

18.5

1,295.6

Government administration and defence

42.2

3.1

40.2

14.5

485.0

Education

24.2

6.4

40.0

29.3

769.6

Health and community services

16.8

4.8

41.1

37.3

1,134.2

Cultural and recreational services

39.1

14.6

18.3

28.0

288.5

Personal and other services

42.2

7.6

28.8

21.5

413.5

All industries

46.8

8.0

24.9

20.3

10,717.5

(Source: ABS 2009a, 6105.0, original series Table 2.4)

The highest difference in gender distribution amongst different industries can be seen in Mining with 82.1% being fulltime males versus 15.0% being fulltime females, Construction with 80.7% being fulltime males versus 5.7% being fulltime females and Electricity gas and water supply with 74.7% being fulltime males versus 18.2% being fulltime females.

There is no shortage of high-ranking women in Australian leadership. Between Prime Minister Julia Gillard, Governor-General Quentin-Bryce and Queen Elizabeth II, Australia is a country led by women.

However, there still remains a gender pay gap, and rather than campaigning that Abbott is a “woman hater”, Gillard should address real issues facing young women today.

According to statistics released in August 2012, by the Workplace Gender Equality Agency there has been no “increase in female board representation over eight years from 2002 to 2010, with the percentage of female directors consistently hovering around 8.5%”. In the business sector within the Australian workforce the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria and New South Wales have the highest proportion of female directors. Victoria has 15.3% of female directors compared to New South Wales which has 14.8% of female directors. Although the 16.7% figure in the ACT, the highest of any state or territory, is based on a small sample. There are only six directorships in the ACT and only one is held by a female.” (2012 Australian Census of Women in Leadership)

A report released by the AMP and the National Centre for Social and Economic Modeling in 2009 discovered that Australian men with a bachelor’s degree or higher and who have children can expect earnings of approximately $3.3 million in their lifetime, nearly double what women in the same category earn over their lifetime with closer to $1.8 million.

With more than a million-dollar difference, there is more than a million-dollar penalty for being a woman in Australian society’s today.

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Good news for the Government, but what about us?

PUBLISHED ON 22/03/13 ON HITZ247

Once again the Australian government is in turmoil.

Yesterday Julia Gillard was challenged in a parliamentary spill for the role of Leader of the Labor Party, similar to what happened when Julia Gillard overthrew Kevin Rudd.  Canberra

The Minister for the Arts and Minister for Regional Australia, Regional Development and Local Government, Simon Crean called for the leadership change at 1 pm on the 21st of March. It has been said he encouraged Kevin Rudd to challenge Julia Gillard for the position of Prime Minister and he would run for the Deputy Leader’s position. Kevin Rudd declined the opportunity to run for leadership against Julia Gillard. A ballot was announced for 4:30 pm that afternoon. But at 4:15 pm, 15 minutes before the ballot he said he wouldn’t challenge Gillard for the position of Labor Party leader. It is believed he pulled out of the running after he didn’t receive the support from the party and failed to gain the numbers.

Two separate sources have said that Kevin Rudd had 46 of the available 100 votes; while the other said Rudd only would have secured 37 votes. In order to overturn Gillard, he would have needed 100 votes. Gillard won the vote by absolute majority.

Julia Gillard then was re-elected unopposed and sacked Simon Crean for “disloyalty”. He doesn’t seem to regret what he did, stating to the Herald Sun that “I knew fully the consequences. I don’t regret what I did. I gave the party the chance for a change.” It put an end to his quite lengthy parliamentary career.

After the unsettlement in the Labor Party yesterday, Opposition Leader Tony Abbott has called for an immediate federal election, after a day which saw Julia Gillard successfully win her second leadership showdown against Kevin Rudd within a 13 month period. Gillard will continue campaigning towards a September 14 federal election despite many business and industry leaders calling for an immediate election; sharing the same wishes as Tony Abbott.

She continues to aim to get Australia ready for the future, creating policies to tackle education, disability care reform and the May 14 budget issues.

Gillard has dismissed Tony Abbott’s threats to try and force an early election after yesterday’s events. After the instigation of the spill by Simon Crean, five other Labor parliamentary members were also forced from their roles. Gillard will rat out those who show no loyalty towards he leadership to present a united front focused on the upcoming election.

Surely it is time for the public to have a say in who governs our country.

With the election only a few months away and the uncertainty and allegiance in the Labor Party is it time, us Australians got to decide who runs our country once and for all. (Well at least until their term in office is up for re-election). The Prime Minister represents the voice for all Australians, who do we want speaking for us? I have never really paid much attention to politics until it came time for me to enrol and have an impact on the decision process for who runs my country, our country. Voting is a right and repsonsbility in Australia, that all Australians eligible to vote should take seriously. We are a united voice, which picks the person and party who we believe will best lead our nation onwards to a better and brighter future!

Is the Labor Party settled, ready to present a united front for the September 14 election?

Ever since Julia Gillard overthrew Rudd for the leadership position of the Head of the Labor Party it has been seen in public polls that Rudd would be the preferred Leader. There is an unsettled civil war within the party who is currently in power. Will it be that this “civil war” within the party will affect the voters come Election Day?

I cannot speak for the entirety of the Australian people, but I am quite unsure which way to vote. Although I once did believe with the issues and beliefs of the Labor Party, the parliamentary unrest that lies in the party is making me second-guess my decision.

When Gillard announced the election was to be held on September 14th, it was one of the longest notices given of an election date since Federation. The official election campaign period is set to begin on Monday August 12th. To ensure people get a chance to have their say in voting for who they believe is best equipped to run the country, they must ensure they are registered on the electoral roll. Electoral rolls will close at 8pm on August 19th.  Over history it is set to be the fifth federal election held in September.

In the lead-up to the 2013 Federal  Election, it will be interesting to see what else happens along the way. Can Labor hold it together and remain united or can Abbott target the troubled party in the race to win the role of Prime Minister. Only time will tell!